Polish skier (born in Zakopane on 18th June 1913; died in Zakopane on 29th October 1993).
Stanisław Marusarz won a silver medal in ski jumping at 1938 FIS Nordic World Ski Championships in Lahti, becoming the first Pole ever to win a medal in the championships. He also finished sixth in the individual Nordic combined event at the 1933 FIS Nordic World Ski Championships in Innsbruck.
Marusarz was considered one of the best young talents in ski jumping in the late 1920’s and earned his first national title in 1931.
Marusarz gained international attention in 1935 when he beat the world record with jump of 87,5 m. His best chance to beat Norwegians, who were believed to be the best at that time, came at the 1938 FIS Nordic World Ski Championships in Lahti, where he struggled to beat famous Ruud brothers Birger, Sigmund and Asbjørn. Marusarz made two best jumps in competition (66 and 67 meters, that earned him a total of 226,2 points), but judges gave him much lower style points than they gave to Asbjørn, the youngest of the three Ruud brothers, who reached 63,5 and 64 m. Eventually, Ruud won the competition with 226,4 points. Ruud thought about handing the gold over to Marusarz during the medal ceremony, but he settled on naming him the "Moral World Champion." Marusarz was a favourite to win the ski jumping competition at the 1939 FIS Nordic World Ski Championships in Zakopane, but finished in a disappointing 5th place, because of an arm injury suffered prior to the competition.
Marusarz took part in five Winter Olympic Games. At the 1932 Winter Olympics in Lake Placid he finished 27th in 18 km cross-country race, 22nd in Nordic combined and 17th in ski jumping. Four years later in Garmisch-Partenkirchen he finished 5th in ski jump and 7th in Nordic combined. At the 1948 and 1952 Winter Olympics Marusarz finished 27th in ski jumping event. He last participated in Winter Olympics at Cortina d'Ampezzo in 1956, where he was merely a fore jumpers at 42 years of age.
After Nazis attacked Poland in 1939, he joined Home Army and fought for Poland's independence until 1940, when he was captured and sentenced to death. Marusarz successfully escaped from a German prison and fled to Hungary, where he stayed until the end of the war.
In 1966 organizers of the Four Hills Tournament asked Marusarz to show jump. He reached 66 metres at the age of 53.
Honours and awards
- Silver Cross of the Virtuti Militari
- Grand Cross of Polonia Restituta Order - 2010, posthumously; previously awarded the Commander's Cross and the Knight's Cross
- Cross of Valour - twice
- Gold Cross of Merit
- Home Army Cross
- Army Medal - twice
- Medal of Victory and Freedom 1945
- Badge of Honour Soldier Army Headquarters
- Distinguished Master of Sports, 1951
Wielka Krokiew hill record holders
First ever ski jumping competition on the Wielka Krokiew jumping hill in Zakopane was held on 22nd March 1925. The first ever hill record was then set by Stanisław Gąsienica-Sieczka, who jumped 36 metres.